Publications

Publications
Notable Publications

 

  1. Pai NP, *Karellis A, Kim J, Peter T. Modern Diagnostic Technologies for HIV. The Lancet HIV. 2020; 7(8): e574-81. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30190-9. [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(20)30190-9/fulltext]
  2. Pai NP, Esmail A, Saha-Chaudhuri P, Oelofse S, Pretorius M, *Marathe G, *Daher J, *Smallwood M, *Karatzas N, Fadul M, *de Waal A, Engel N, Zwerling AA, Dheda K. Impact of a personalised, digital, HIV self-testing app-based program on linkages and new infections in the township populations of South Africa. BMJ Global Health. 2021; 6: e006032. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006032. [https://gh.bmj.com/content/6/9/e006032]
  3. Pai NP, *Daher J, Prashanth HR, Shetty A, Sahni RD, Kannangai R, Abraham P, Isaacs R. Will an innovative AideSmart! app-based multiplex, point-of-care, screening strategy for HIV and related coinfections affect timely quality antenatal screening of rural Indian women? Results from a cross-sectional study in India. BMJ Sex Transm Infect. 2019; 95: 133-139. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053491. [https://sti.bmj.com/content/95/2/133.full]  
  4. Pai NP, Thomas R. Time for HIV self-testing in Canada: a vision and an action plan. CMAJ. 2020; 192(44): e1367-8. doi 10.1503/cmaj201160. [https://www.cmaj.ca/content/192/44/E1367.short]
  5. *McGuire M, *de Waal A, *Karellis A, *Janssen R, Engel N, Sampath R, Carmona S, Zwerling AA, Suarez MF, Pai NP. HIV self-testing with digital supports as the new paradigm: A systematic review of global evidence (2010–2021). EClinicalMedicine. 2021; 39: 101059. doi: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101059. [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(21)00339-4/fulltext#seccesectitle0044]  
  6. *Karellis A, *Naeem F, Nair S, Mallya S, Routy J-P, Gahagan J, Yansouni CP, Kim J, Pai NP. Multiplexed rapid technologies for sexually transmitted infections: a systematic review. The Lancet Microbe. 2021 Nov 24. doi: 10.1016/S2666-5247(21)00191-9 [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanmic/article/PIIS2666-5247(21)00191-9/fulltext
Articles published in peer-reviewed journals

 

  1. Pai M, Pai NP, Bilal S, Ashok M, Radhika P. Cervical cancer screening: is it a priority among nurses. Natl Med J India. 2001; 14(1):59-60. [Erratum in: Natl Med J India 2001;14(2):89.] [impact factor: 0.595] [https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11242706/
  2. Wade TJ, Pai NP, Eisenberg JN, Colford JM Jr. Do U.S. Environmental Protection Agency water quality guidelines for recreational waters prevent gastrointestinal illness? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Health Perspect. 2003; 111(8):1102-9. doi: 10.1289/ehp.6241 [impact factor: 7.26] [https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/ehp.6241?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%20%200pubmed
  3. Pai M, Flores LL, Pai NP, Hubbard A, Riley LW, Colford JM Jr. Diagnostic accuracy of nucleic acid amplification tests for tuberculous meningitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2003; 3(10):633-43. [impact factor: 19.97] [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK69975/
  4. Pai M, McCulloch M, Gorman JD, Pai NP, Enanoria W, Kennedy G, Tharyan P, Colford JM Jr. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: an illustrated, step-by-step guide. Natl Med J India. 2004; 17(2):86-95. [impact factor: 0.595] [https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15141602/]
  5. Pai NP, Tulsky J, Lawrence J, Colford JM Jr, Reingold AL. Structured treatment interruptions (STI) in chronic suppressed HIV infection in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005; (4):CD005482. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006148 [impact factor: 6.186][https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005482/full
  6. Pai NP, Lawrence J, Reingold A. Tulsky JP. Structured treatment interruptions (STI) in chronic unsuppressed HIV infection in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006;3:CD006148. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006148 [impact factor: 6.186] [https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006148/full]  
  7. Pai NP, Tulsky JP, Cohan D, Colford JM Jr, Reingold AL. Rapid point-of-care HIV testing in pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Trop Med Int Health. 2007; 12(2):162-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01812.x [impact factor: 2.938] [https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01812.x
  8. Pai NP, Joshi R, Dogra S, Taksande B, Kalantri SP, Pai M, Narang P, Tulsky JP, Reingold AL. Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy, feasibility and client preference for rapid oral fluid-based diagnosis of HIV infection in rural India. PLoS One. 2007; 2(4):e367. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000367 [impact factor: 3.730][https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0000367
  9. Pai NP, Barick R, Tulsky JP, Shivkumar PV, Cohan D, Kalantri S, Pai M, Klein MB, Chhabra S. Impact of round-the-clock, rapid oral fluid HIV testing of women in labor in rural India. PLoS Med. 2008; 5(5):e92. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050092 [impact factor: 15.253] [https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050092
  10. Martínez-Cajas JL#, Pai NP#, Klein MB, Wainberg MA. Role of genetic diversity amongst HIV-1 non-B subtypes in drug resistance: a systematic review of virologic and biochemical evidence. AIDS Rev. 2008; 10(4):212-23. [#contributed equally] [impact factor: 4.075] [https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19092977/
  11. Fontela PS, Pai NP, Schiller I, Dendukuri N, Ramsay A, Pai M. Quality and Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies in TB, HIV and Malaria:Evaluation Using QUADAS and STARD Standards. PLoS One. 2009; 4(11): e7753. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007753 [impact factor: 3.730][https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0007753
  12. Moodie EE, Pai NP, Klein MB. Is antiretroviral therapy causing long-term liver damage? A comparative analysis of HIV-mono-infected and HIV/hepatitis C co-infected cohorts. PLoS One. 2009; 4(2): e4517. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004517 [impact factor: 3.730] [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0004517
  13. Martinez-Cajas JL#, Pai NP#, Klein MB, Wainberg MA. Differences in resistance mutations among HIV-1 non-subtype B infections: a systematic review of evidence (1996-2008). J Int AIDS Soc. 2009;12(1):11. [#contributed equally] doi: 10.1186/1758-2652-12-11 [impact factor: 3.256] [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2713201/
  14. Moodie EM#, Pai NP#, Klein MB. Hepatitis C progression in cohort of HIV/Hep C co-infected patients: a comparison of generalized propensity scores and Marginal Structural Models. PLos One. 2009 Mar 1. [#contributed equally] doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004517 [impact factor: 3.730] [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2637977/
  15. Pai NP, Estes Milton, Moodie EM, Reingold AL, Tulsky JP. Antiretroviral treatment and care of HIV positive San Francisco County jail inmates: results from a retrospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2009 Sep 22;4(9):e7115. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007115 [impact factor: 3.730] [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0007115
  16. Pai NP, Joshi R, Moodie EE, Taksande B, Kalantri SP, Pai M, Tulsky JP, Reingold A. Profile of adults seeking voluntary HIV testing and counseling in rural Central India: results from a hospital- based study. AIDS Care. 2009; 21(3):294-300. Doi: 10.1080/09540120802183529 [impact factor: 1.834][https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09540120802183529?journalCode=caic20
  17. Pai NP, Balram B*. Reporting of Patient Centered Outcomes with Oral HIV Tests: To Grade or not to Grade? Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology. 2010; 21(65B). [impact factor: 2.225] 
  18. Desikan P, De S, Pai NP, Panwalkar N, Verma M, Jain A. A pilot cross sectional study to determine the utility of an oral HIV 1/ 2 point of care test on sputum for screening TB/HIV co- infection in Central India. Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology. 2011; 29(2): 194-5. [impact factor: 0.988][Link to Science Direct Article (pdf)
  19. Pai NP, Shivkumar S*, Martinez Cajas J. Does Genetic Diversity of HIV-1 non B subtypes differentially impact disease progression in Treatment Naïve HIV-1 infected individuals? A Systematic review of Evidence: 1996-2010. JAIDS. 2012; 59(4): 382-8. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31824a0628 [impact factor: 4.570][https://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2012/04010/Does_Genetic_Diversity_of_HIV_1_Non_B_Subtypes.10.aspx
  20. Boulassel MR, Chomont N, Pai NP, Gilmore N, Sekaly RP, Routy JP. CD4 T cell nadir independently predicts the magnitude of the HIV reservoir size after prolonged suppressive antiretroviral therapy. J Clin Virol. 2012; 53:29-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2011.09.018 [impact factor: 3.287][https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1386653211003817?via%3Dihub
  21. Srinivasa BT, Alizadehfar R, Desrosiers M, Shuster J, Pai NP, Tsoukas CM. Adult primary immune deficiency: what are we missing? American Journal of Medicine. 2012 Aug; 125(8):779-86. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2012.02.015 [impact factor: 5.430] [https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(12)00274-4/fulltext
  22. Pai NP, Balram B*, Shivkumar S*, Martinez-Cajas J, Claseens C, Lambert G, Peeling RW, Joseph L. Head-to-head comparison of accuracy of a rapid point-of-care HIV test with oral versus whole-blood specimens: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2012 May; 12(5): 373-80. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70368-1 [impact factor: 19.97] [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS1473-3099(11)70368-1/fulltext
  23. Pai NP, Kurji J*, Singam A, Barick R, Klein M, Chhabra S, Shivkumar PV. CIHR CTN I S 243 study: Simultaneous triple point-of-care testing for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B virus to prevent mother-to-child transmission in India. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 2012; 23(5): 319-24. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2011.011139 [impact factor: 1.000] [https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1258/ijsa.2011.011139?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub++0pubmed&
  24. Shivkumar S*, Peeling RW, Jafari Y*, Joseph L, Pai NP. Rapid Point-of-Care First-Line Screening Tests for Hepatitis B Infection: A Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Accuracy (1980 – 2010). American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2012 Sept; 107(9): 1306-1313. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2012.141 [impact factor: 7.553] [https://journals.lww.com/ajg/Abstract/2012/09000/Rapid_Point_of_Care_First_Line_Screening_Tests_for.9.aspx
  25. Yaphe S, Bozinoff N, Kyle R, Shivkumar S*, Pai NP, Klein M. Incidence of acute hepatitis C virus among men who have sex with men with and without HIV infection: a systematic review. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2012 Nov; 88(7): 558-564. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2012-050566 [impact factor: 2.611][https://sti.bmj.com/content/88/7/558.long
  26. Pai NP, Vadnais C, Denkinger C, Engel N, Pai M. Point-of-Care Testing for Infectious Diseases: Diversity, Complexity, and Barriers in Low- And Middle-Income Countries. PLoS Medicine. 2012; 9:e1001306. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001306 [impact factor: 15.253] [https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1001306
  27. Shivkumar S*, Peeling R, Jafari Y*, Joseph L, Pai NP. Accuracy of rapid and point-of-care screening tests for hepatitis C: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2012 Oct; 157(8): 558-566. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-157-8-201210160-00006 [impact factor: 16.104][https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/0003-4819-157-8-201210160-00006?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%20%200pubmed
  28. Jafari Y*, Peeling RW, Shivkumar S*, Claessens C, Joseph L, Pai NP. Are Treponema pallidum specific rapid and point-of-care tests for syphilis accurate enough for screening in resource limited settings? Evidence from a meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e54695. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054695 [impact factor: 3.730] [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0054695
  29. Pai NP, Sharma J*, Shivkumar S*, Pillay S*, Vadnais C, Joseph L, Dheda K, Peeling RW. Supervised and unsupervised self-testing for HIV in high- and low-risk populations: a systematic review. PLoS Medicine. 2013 Apr; 10(4):e1001414. doi:  10.1371/journal.pmed.1001414 [impact factor: 15.253] [https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1001414
  30. Denkinger CM, Grenier J, Stratis AK, Akkihal A, Pai NP, Pai M. Mobile health to improve tuberculosis care and control: a call worth making [Review article]. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2013 Jun; 17(6):719-27. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0638 [impact factor: 2.610][https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2013/00000017/00000006/art00005;jsessionid=b5dbm0kfafrbe.x-ic-live-01]  
  31. Pai NP, Behlim T*, Abrahams L, Vadnais C, Shivkumar S*, Binder A, Deli-Houssein R*, Engel N, Joseph L, Dheda K. Will an Unsupervised Self-Testing Strategy for HIV Work in Health Care Workers of South Africa? A Cross Sectional Pilot Feasibility Study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11): e79772. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079772 [impact factor: 3.730] [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0079772
  32. Desikan P, De S, Pai NP, Mishra PK, Kumar K, Panwalkar N, Verma M, Hasan ZU, Maudar KK. An HIV1/2 point of care test on sputum for screening TB/HIV co-infection in Central India – Will it work? Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2013 Mar; 6(3):216-9. doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(13)60026-7  [impact factor: 0.502] [https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1995764513600267?via%3Dihub
  33. Pai NP, Bhargava M*, Joseph L, Sharma J*, Pillay S*, Balram B*, Tellier P.P. Will an Unsupervised Self-Testing Strategy Be Feasible to Operationalize in Canada? Results from a Pilot Study in Students of a Large Canadian University. AIDS Research and Treatment. Volume 2014, Article ID 747619. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/747619 [impact factor: NA] [https://www.hindawi.com/journals/art/2014/747619/
  34. Jafari Y*, Johri M, Joseph L, Vadnais C, Pai NP. Poor Reporting of Outcomes Beyond Accuracy in Point-of-Care Tests for Syphilis: A Call for a Framework. AIDS Research and Treatment. Volume 2014, Article ID 465932. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/465932 [impact factor: NA][https://www.hindawi.com/journals/art/2014/465932/
  35. Ndumbi P*, Falutz J, Pai NP, Tsoukas CM. Delay in cART Initiation Results in Persistent Immune Dysregulation and Poor Recovery of T-Cell Phenotype Despite a Decade of Successful HIV Suppression. PLoS One. 2014;9(4):e94018. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094018 [impact factor: 3.730][https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0094018
  36. Bhargava M*, Martinez-Cajas JL, Wainberg MA, Klein MB, Pai NP. Do HIV-1 non-B subtypes differentially impact resistance mutations and clinical disease progression in treated populations? Evidence from a systematic review. J. Int. AIDS Soc. 2014 Jul 4;17:18944. doi: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.18944 [impact factor: 3.256] [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4083185/
  37. Wilkinson S*, Chiavegatti T*, Nauche B, Joseph L, Pai NP. Head to head comparisons in performance of CD4 point-of-care CD4 assays: A Bayesian meta-analysis (2000-2013). Science Open. 2014 July 11. doi: 10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-MED.A4QF5Y.v1 [impact factor: NA] [https://www.scienceopen.com/hosted-document?doi=10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-MED.A4QF5Y.v2
  38. Pai NP, Dhurat R, Potter M, Behlim T*, Landry G, Vadnais C, Rodrigues C, Joseph L, Shetty A. Will a quadruple multiplexed point-of-care screening strategy for HIV related co-infections be feasible and impact detection of new co-infections in at risk populations? Results from cross- sectional studies. BMJ Open. 2014;4(12):e005040 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005040. [impact factor: 1.58] [https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/12/e005040
  39. Engel N, Davids M, Blankvoort, Pai NP, Dheda K, Pai M. Compounding diagnostic delays: a qualitative study of point-of-care testing in South Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2015;20(4):493–500. doi:10.1111/tmi.12450 [impact factor: 2.938] [https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tmi.12450
  40. Johri M, Perez MC, Arsenault C, Sharma JK, Pai NP, Pahwa S, Sylvestre MP. Strategies to increase the demand for childhood vaccination in low- and middle income countries: systematic review and meta-analysis. Bulletin of WHO. 2015 May 1; 93 (5): 339-346C. doi:10.2471/BLT.14.146951 [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4431517/
  41. Engel N, Ganesh G, Patil M, Yellappa V, Pai NP, Vadnais C, Pai M. Barriers to point-of-care testing in India: Results from qualitative research across different settings, users and major diseases. PLoS One. 2015 Aug 14 10(8): e0135112. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135112. [impact factor: 15.253][https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0135112
  42. Pai NP, Wilkinson S*, Deli-Houssein R*, Vijh R*, Vadnais C, Behlim T*, Steben M, Engel N, Wong T. Barriers to Implementation of Rapid and Point-of-Care Tests for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: Findings from a Systematic Review (1996-2014). Point of Care. 2015 Sep; 14(3);81-87. doi: 10.1097/POC.0000000000000056 [https://journals.lww.com/poctjournal/Fulltext/2015/09000/Barriers_to_Implementation_of_Rapid_and.4.aspx
  43. Davids M, Dheda K, Pai NP, Cogill D, Pai M, Engel N. A survey on use of rapid tests and tuberculosis diagnostic practices by primary health care providers in South Africa: implications for the development of new point-of-care tests. PLoS One. 2015 Oct 28;10(10):e0141453. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141453.[https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0141453
  44. Engel N, Ganesh G, Patil M, Yellappa V, Vadnais C, Pai NP, Pai M. Point-of-care testing in India: missed opportunities to realize the true potential of POC testing programs. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015 Dec 14;15:550. doi: 10.1186/s12913-015-1223-3. [impact factor: 1.660] [https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-015-1223-3
  45. Smallwood M*, Vijh R*, Nauche B, Lebouché B, Joseph L, Pai NP. Evaluation of A Rapid point of care test for detecting acute and established HIV infection, and examining the role of study quality on diagnostic accuracy: A Bayesian Meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2016 Feb 18;11(2):e0149592. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149592. [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0149592
  46. Pai NP, Budd D. Remaining questions concerning Wearable devices. (Letter to the Editor) JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(9):1408-1409. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.4756 [https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/2545991
  47. Johri M, Perez CP, Arsenault C, Sharma JK, Pai NP, Pahwa S, Sylvestre MP. Estrategias para incrementar la demanda de vacunacion infantil en paises de ingressos bajos y medios: una revision systematic y un metanalisis. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública. 2016; 34(2): 243-255. doi: 10.17533/udea.rfnsp.v34n2a13. [http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0120-386X2016000200013]  
  48. Smallwood M,* Pai NP. Improving the Quality of Diagnostics Studies Evaluating Point of Care Tests for Acute HIV Infections: Problems and Recommendations. Diagnostics. 2017 Mar 4:7(1). doi: 10.3390/diagnostics7010013. [https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4418/7/1/13
  49. Cristillo AD, Bristow CC, Peeling R, Van Der Pol B, de Cortina SH, Dimov IK, Pai NP, Jin Shin D, Chiu RY, Klapperich C, Madhivanan P, Morris SR, Klausner JD. Point-of-Care Sexually Transmitted Infection Diagnostics: Proceedings of a STAR Sexually Transmitted Infection— Clinical Trial Group Programmatic Meeting. Sex Transm Dis. 2017 Apr; (44)4:211-218. doi:101097/OLQ 000000000000572. [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5347466/
  50. Pai NP, Smallwood M*, Gulati D, Lapczak N*, Musten A, Gaydos C, Johnston C, Steben M, Wong T, Engel N, Kim J. What do key stakeholders think about HIV self-testing in Canada? Results from a cross-sectional survey. AIDS Behav. 2017 April 24. doi:10.1007/s10461-017-1764- z.[https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10461-017-1764-z
  51. Engel N, Davids M, Blankwoort N, Dheda K, Pai NP, Pai M. Making HIV testing work at the point of care in South Africa: A qualitative study of diagnostic practices. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 June 17; 17(1):408.doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2352-6. [https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-017-2353-6
  52. Gaydos CA, Klausner JD, Pai NP, Kelly H, Coltart C, Peeling RW. Rapid and point-of-care tests for the diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis in women and men. Sex Transm Infect. 2017; 93: S31- S35.doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-053063 [https://sti.bmj.com/content/93/S4/S31.long
  53. Engel N, Yellapa V, Pai NP, Pai M. Diagnosing at Point of Care in South India: Coordination Work and Frictions. Science & Technology Studies. 2017 July 7; 30: 54-72. doi: 10.23987/sts.63085. [https://sciencetechnologystudies.journal.fi/article/view/63085
  54. Yellapa V, Devadasan N, Krumeich A, Pai NP, Vadnais C, Pai M, Engel N. How Patients Navigate the Diagnostic Ecosystem in a Fragmented Health System: A Qualitative Study from India. Global Health Action. 2017;10 (1): 1350452. doi:10.1080/16549716.2017.1350452 [https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16549716.2017.1350452
  55. Daher J*, Vijh R*, Linthwaite B*, Dave S*, Kim J, Dheda K, Peter T, Pai NP. Do Digital Innovations for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections Work? Results from a Comprehensive Systematic Review (1996-2017). BMJ Open. 2017; 7:e017604. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017- 017604 [https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/11/e017604
  56. Pai NP, Chiavegatti T*, Vijh R*, Karatzas N*, Daher J*, Smallwood M*, Wong T, Engel N. Measures and metrics for feasibility of proof-of-concept studies with HIV point-of-care technologies: the evidence and the framework. Point of Care. 2017 Dec; 16(4);141-150 doi: 10.1097/POC.0000000000000147 [https://journals.lww.com/poctjournal/Fulltext/2017/12000/Measures_and_Metrics_for_Feasibility_of.1.aspx
  57. Kelly H, Mayaud P, Segondy M, Pai NP, Peeling RW. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Studies Evaluating the Performance of Point-of-care Tests for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Screening. Sex Transm Infect. 2017; 93: S36-S45. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-053070. [https://sti.bmj.com/content/93/S4/S36
  58. Kelly H, Coltart C, Pai NP, Klausner J, Toskin I, Unemo M, Peeling RW. Systematic reviews of point-of-care tests for the diagnosis of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis infections. Sex Transm Infect. 2017; 93: S22-S30. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-053067. [https://sti.bmj.com/content/93/S4/S22
  59. Pai NP, Daher J*, Prashanth HR, Shetty A, Sahni RD, Kannangai R, Abraham P, Isaacs R. Will an innovative AideSmart! app-based multiplex, point-of-care, screening strategy for HIV and related coinfections affect timely quality antenatal screening of rural Indian women? Results from a cross-sectional study in India. BMJ Sex Transm Infect. 2018 Oct 15. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053491 [https://sti.bmj.com/content/95/2/133.full
  60. Pai NP, Smallwood M*, Desjardins L, Goyette A, Birkas KG*, Vassal A-F, Joseph L, Thomas R. An unsupervised smart app-optimized HIV self-testing program in Montreal, Canada: Cross- sectional study. J Med Internet Res. 2018; 20(11): e10258. doi:10.2196/10258. [https://www.jmir.org/2018/11/e10258/
  61. Janssen R*, Engel N, Esmail A, Oelofse S, Krumeich A, Dheda K, Pai NP. Alone but supported: a qualitative study of an HIV self-testing app in an observational cohort study in South Africa. AIDS & Behavior. 2019 May 2. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02516-6 [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6989648/
  62. Karatzas N*, Peter T, Dave S*, Fogarty C*, Belinsky N, Pai NP. Are policy initiatives aligned to meet UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets impacting HIV testing and linkages to care? Evidence from a systematic review. PLoS One. 2019 June 5; 14(6): e0218936. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216936 [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0216936
  63. Dave S*, Peter T, Fogarty C*, Karatzas N*, Belinsky N, Pai NP. Which community-based HIV initiatives are achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets? A systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence (2007-2018). PLoS One. 2019 July; 14(7) doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219826 [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0219826
  64. Kpokiri EE, Marley G, Tang W, Fongwen N, Wu D, Berendes S, Ambil B, Loveday S-J, Sampath R, Walker JS, Matovu JKB, Boehme C, Pai NP, Tucker JD. Diagnostic infectious diseases testing outside clinics: A global systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2020 Oct; 7(10), ofaa360. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofaa360 [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(20)30190-9/fulltext
  65. Pai NP, Karellis A*, Kim J, Peter T. Modern Diagnostic Technologies for HIV. The Lancet HIV. 2020;7: e574-81. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30190-9 [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanhiv/article/PIIS2352-3018(20)30190-9/fulltext
  66. Pai NP, Thomas R. Time for HIV self-testing in Canada: a vision and an action plan. CMAJ. 2020 Nov 2, 192:E1367-8. doi: 10.1503/cmaj201160. [https://www.cmaj.ca/content/192/44/E1367
  67. Janssen R*, Engel N, Pai NP, Esmail A, Dheda K, Thomas R, Krumeich A. “You’re only there on the phone”? A qualitative exploration of community, affect and agential capacity in HIV self- testing using a smartphone app. Sociology of Health & Illness. 2021 Feb 26. doi: 10.1111/1467-9566.13242 [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8451867/]  
  68. Kuppalli K, Gala P, Cherabuddi K, Kalantri SP, Mohanan M, Mukherjee B, Pinto L, Prakash M, Pramesh CS, Rathi S, Pai NP, Yamey G, Pai M. India’s COVID-19 crisis- A National and an International Call to Action. Lancet. 2021 Jun 5; 397(10290):2132-2135. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01121-1.[https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(21)01121-1/fulltext
  69. Naeem F*, Karellis A*, Nair S, Routy J-P, Yansouni CP, Kim J, Pai NP. Multiplexed Technologies for Sexually Transmitted Infections: Global Evidence on Patient-centered and Implementation Research Outcomes. BMJ Global Health. 2021 Jul; 6(7):e005670. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-005670.[https://gh.bmj.com/node/147210.full
  70. Galli RA, Hog Tian JL, Sumner-Williams M, McBain K, Stanizai E, Tharao W, Aden M, Jamieson H, Da Silva M, Vassal A-F, Guilbault L, Ireland L, Witges K, King A,  Ametepee K, Lachowsky NJ, Pai NP, Mazzulli T, Rourke SB. An Observed, Prospective Field Study to Evaluate the Performance and Acceptance of a Blood-Based HIV Self-Test in Canada. BMC Public Health. 2021 Jul 18; 21(1):1421. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11418-z. [https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-021-11418-z
  71. McGuire M*, de Waal A*, Karellis A*, Janssen R*, Engel N, Sampath R, Carmona S, Zwerling AA, Suarez MF, Pai NP. Digital HIVST as a new paradigm for HIV self-testing: a systematic review of global evidence (2010-2020). eClinicalMedicine. 101059. 2021 Aug 13; 39. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101059 [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(21)00339-4/fulltext
  72. Pai NP, Esmail A, Saha-Chaudhuri P, Oelofse S, Pretorius M, Marathe G*, Daher J*, Smallwood M*, Karatzas N*, Fadul M, de Waal A*, Engel N, Zwerling AA, Dheda K. Impact of a personalised, digital, HIV self-testing app-based program on linkages and new infections in the township populations of South Africa. BMJ Glob Health. 2021 Sept 2; 6:e006032. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006032 [https://gh.bmj.com/content/6/9/e006032]
  73. Fogarty C*, Peter T, Karatzas N*, Dave S*, Belinsky N, Pai NP. Global Health Facility-Based Interventions to Achieve UNAIDS 90-90-90: A Systematic Review and Narrative Analysis. AIDS & Behavior. 2021 Oct 25. doi:10.1007/s10461-021-03503-6 [https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10461-021-03503-6
  74. Janssen R*, Krumeich A, Esmail A, Thomas R, Dheda K, Pai NP, Engel N. Moments of Uncertainty: Exploring How an App-Based Oral HIV Self-Testing Strategy Fits in Communities ‘Living Under’ HIV Risk. Medicine Anthropology Theory. 2021 Nov 3; 8(2) doi: 10.17157/mat.8.2.5134 [http://www.medanthrotheory.org/article/view/5134/8814
  75. Karellis A*, Naeem F*, Nair S, Mallya S, Routy J-P, Gahagan J, Yansouni CP, Kim J, Pai NP. Multiplexed rapid technologies for sexually transmitted infections: a systematic review. The Lancet Microbe. 2021 Nov 24. doi: 10.1016/S2666-5247(21)00191-9 [https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanmic/article/PIIS2666-5247(21)00191-9/fulltext
  76. Engler K, Vicente S, Ma Y, Schuster T, Hijal T, Kildea J, Cox J, Ahmed S, Klein M, de Pokomandy A, Achiche S, Pai NP, Lacombe K, Lebouché B. Implementation of an electronic patient-reported measure of barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence with the Opal patient portal: protocol for a mixed method type 3 hybrid pilot study at a large Montreal HIV clinic. PLoS ONE. 2021 Dec 30; 16(12): e0261006. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0261006 [https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0261006
  77. Jean S, Burnham C-A D, Chapin K, Garner OB, Pai NP, Turabelidza G, Butler-Wu S. At home testing for Infectious Diseases: the laboratory where you live. Clinical Chemistry. 2021 Dec 30; 68(1): 19-26. doi: 10.1093/clinchem/hvab198 [https://academic.oup.com/clinchem/article/68/1/19/6490224]
Invited Editorials

 

  1. Pai NP, Klein MB. Structured treatment interruptions in chronic HIV management: where next? Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006; 4(6):909-12.

[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/14787210.4.6.909

  1. Pai NP. Oral fluid-based rapid HIV testing: issues, challenges and research directions. Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2007; 7(4):325-8.

[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/14737159.7.4.325

  1. Pai NP. Rapid oral fluid-based point-of-care HIV testing: applicability in developing countries. Indian J Med Res. 2007; 126(3):171-3

[https://journals.lww.com/ijmr/Citation/2007/26030/Rapid_oral_fluid_based_point_of_care_HIV_testing_.1.aspx]  

  1. Pai NP, Klein MB. Are we ready for home-based, self-testing for HIV? Futur HIV Ther. 2008 Nov; 2(6), Pages 515-520. [http://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/full/10.2217/17469600.2.6.515
  2. Pai NP, Klein MB. Rapid testing at labor and delivery to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in developing settings: issues and challenges. Womens Health (Lond Engl). 2009; 5(1):55-62. doi: 10.2217/17455057.5.1.55

[https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2217/17455057.5.1.55

  1. Pai NP, Pai M. Point-of-care diagnostics for HIV and tuberculosis: landscape, pipeline, and unmet needs. Discovery Medicine. 2012;13(68).

[https://www.discoverymedicine.com/Nitika-Pant-Pai/2012/01/18/point-of-care-diagnostics-for-hiv-and-tuberculosis-landscape-pipeline-and-unmet-needs/

  1. Pai NP, Dheda K. HIV self-testing strategy: the middle road. Expert Rev. Mol. Diagn. 2013; 13(7), 639– 642.

[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/14737159.2013.820543

  1. Pai NP, Sollis K, Peeling R. Rapid hepatitis C tests: better than the gold standard? Expert Rev. Mol. Diagn. 2013; 13(3), 221–223.

[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/erm.13.13

  1. Pai NP, Behlim T. Point-of-care technologies and their global health applications. Curr Pharmacogenomics Person Med. 2013; 11,181-186.

[http://www.eurekaselect.com/article/55408

  1. Pai NP, Peeling RW, Smith BD, Dowdy D. Point-of-Care Tests for HIV, Related Coinfections, and Blood-Borne Infections. AIDS Research and Treatment. Volume 2014, Article ID 625082. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/625082.

[https://www.hindawi.com/journals/art/2014/625082/

  1. Pai NP. Perspective on HIV Self-testing in North America: A Tale of Two Countries – US and Canada. Retrovirology: Research and Treatment. 2014; 6 7-15. doi: 10.4137/RRT.S12953.

[https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA390413403&sid=sitemap&v=2.1&it=r&p=HRCA&sw=w&userGroupName=anon%7Ee5c07dcc

  1. Engel N, Pai NP. Qualitative research on point-of-care testing strategies and programs for HIV. Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2015 Jan; 15(1): 71-5. doi: 10.1586/14737159.2015.960518

[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1586%2F14737159.2015.960518

  1. Pai NP, Daher J*. Multiplexed testing for HIV and related bacterial and viral co-infections at the point-of-care: quo vadis? Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2015 Apr;15(4):463-9.

[https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1586/14737159.2015.1021335

  1. Pai M, Ghiasi M, Pai NP. Point-of-care diagnostic testing in global health: what is the point? Microbe. 2015;10(3):103-107.

[https://microbiologycommunity.nature.com/posts/13150-point-of-care-testing-in-global-health-what-is-the-point

  1. Pai NP. Multiplexed point-of-care assays for HIV and co-infections for resource constrained settings: a perspective. Future Microbiol. 2015 Sept 7; 10 (9): 1392-6. doi: 10.2217/fmb.15.77. [impact factor: 4.275]

[https://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/10.2217/fmb.15.77

  1. de Waal A*, Pai NP. Controlling HIV in Adolescents: Solutions for Engagement, Access and Retention. Future Virology. 2019 July 8; 14(6) doi: 10.2217/fvl-2019-0052.
Books & Book Chapters

 

  1. Pai NP. Treatment and Diagnostic Issues in HIV/AIDS. University of California @ Berkeley. 2008. (PhD Thesis published as a book)
  2. Pai NP, Baum P, Luo R. (2016). Point-of-care testing for hepatitis In M. Shephard (Ed), A Practical Guide to Global Point-of-care Testing (pp 245-255). Melbourne: CSIRO.
  3. Engel N, Yellappa V, Davids M, Dheda K, Pai NP, Pai M. (2018). Barriers to point-of-care testing in India and South Africa in S Hostettler, S Najih Besson & JC Bolay (Eds) Technologies for Development – From Innovation to Social Impact (pp 75-85). Switzerland: Springer.
  4. Pai NP, Karellis A*. WHO List of Essential Drugs & Diagnostic Tests (Chapter). Canada’s Role in Accelerating Global Elimination of Cervical Cancer. Report. July 16, 2019.
Technical, government reports, national and international policy reports

 

  1. National Canadian Government Report: Best Brains Exchange Meeting Report – Strategic Approaches to Integrate Point-of-Care Testing (POCT) for Sexually Transmitted and Blood Borne Infections (STBBI) into Public Health Practice. Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR) Research and Knowledge Translation Branch in collaboration with Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) and Health Canada (HC). [released May 30th 2014)
  2. Pai NP, Grignon M, Bornstein S, Navarro P, Mackey S. Provincial Canadian Institutional Research Report: Troponin Point-of-Care Testing in Smaller Hospital and Health Centre Emergency Departments in Newfoundland and Labrador. Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research. [Oct 2014]
  3. National Action Plan for HIV/STBBI Testing in Canada released on Jan, 2016 (Contributed to the Action plan, reviewed the document, provided critical feedback)
  4. Pai NP, Steben M. Point-of-care technologies for HIV/STBBI: an analysis of contextual factors impeding implementation in Canada. National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases. Published April 10th 2018.
  5. African Society for Laboratory Medicine (ASLM’s) meeting report: Improving access and quality of HIV testing in Sub Saharan Africa. CHAI, CDC, UNAIDS, PEPFAR. ASLM Tanzania, June 23-25, 2014.
  6. International Recommendations for Sub Saharan Africa: CDC report on Quality of POCT for Sub Saharan Africa; Guidance for improving the quality of HIV related point of care testing: ensuring reliability and accuracy of Test results. ASLM, CHAI, UNAIDS. [Dec 2015]
  7. WHO recommendations on HIV testing (External reviewer) Chapter on self- testing, quality and point of care testing. Released at the IAS, Vancouver 2015.
  8. WHO recommendations on HIV self-testing (TWG) released on Dec 1, 2016
  9. WHO Policy Framework on HIV Self testing: Implementation guidance (Sabbatical work) (contributed to 2 chapters, provided feedback to the document, attended meetings to discuss the work)
  10. STARD AI guidelines (STARD AI Committee) 
  11. UNAIDS 90-90-90 Gaps in policies for Innovations in HIV: a report for STAC Committee, Fall 2017 (Sabbatical work)
  12. UNAIDS 90-90-90 Innovations for HIV testing (community based, facility based) for STAC Committee, Fall 2017 (Sabbatical work)
  13. Kim J, Lavoie S, Boily-Larouche G, del Canto S, Challacombe L, Pai NP, Kelly D, Bailey G. Exploring alternative methods to HIV testing to meet Canada’s obligation to UNAIDs 90-90-90 targets. CAHR April 26 2018 – Session Report. February 2019.
  14. Technical guideline recommendations for HPV Screening summer 2019 (Canadian IUSTI and HPV Awareness Coalition). 
  15. Technical guideline recommendation for CT GC screening (Canadian Society for STBBI) summer 2021. 
  16. Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC:HIVSmart! and AideSmart! Featured in the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Exploring the Frontiers of Innovation to Tackle Microbial Threats: Proceedings of a Workshop of the National Academy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25746. 
  17. Home management of COVID-19 (infographic, released in May 2021). Translated into 40 languages. INDIACOVIDSOS.org. https://www.indiacovidsos.org/home-care 
  18. COVID-19 Integrated Dx Strategies policy report (policy report released in August INDIACOVIDSOS.org) https://www.indiacovidsos.org/clinical-resources#diagnostic 
  19. COVID-19 Implementation Guidance document (policy report released in August 2021 INDIACOVIDSOS.org) https://www.indiacovidsos.org/clinical-resources#diagnostic 
  20. COVID-19 Surveillance document (policy report released in August 2021 INDIACOVIDSOS.org) https://www.indiacovidsos.org/clinical-resources#diagnostic

The Open Science Dialogues: Summary of stakeholders round tables. Contribution to discussion with the Chief Science Advisor of Canada, Dr. Mona Nemer. Government of Canada. Published February 2022. https://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/063.nsf/eng/h_98359.html